Tiger nut, booster of the human system, improves fertility, prevents coronary heart assault, amongst othrs. The Uncooked Supplies Analysis and Growth Council (RMRDC), is utilizing this implies, so as to add worth within the well being sector and improve th development of Nigeria’s economic system. BINTA SHAMA studies.
About tiger nut
Examine states that ‘tiger nuts’ often known as chufa nuts and earth almonds, have been cultivated by people for hundreds of years. The earliest information of their use dates again to Neolithic Egypt. From there, its cultivation ultimately unfold to North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. What’s extra, the Spanish have been utilizing it to make horchata (a creamy beverage) for the reason that 18th century.
Additional research on the proximate composition, metabolizable vitality, amino acid profiles and isoelectronic level of properties of the nut signifies that website and planting interval have vital results on the fats, protein, minerpal and vitality content material of tiger nut milk produced from the 2 varieties. Additionally affected is the sensory attribute of tiger nut milk produced from the 2 varieties planted in several durations.
Content material of tiger nut
The starch, dietary fibre and digestible carbohydrate (monosaccharides, disaccharides Polysaccharides) content material of tiger nut tubers are additionally fairly excessive. The moisture content material is about 50%, fats 12%, crude fibre 8%, protein 496, ash 1.80% and carbohydrate 34%. Tiger nut tuber can be wealthy in minerals. Due to its wealthy nutrient composition, tiger nut tuber can be utilized to fortify different meals supplies. The dietary composition of tigernut tuber is the explanation behind its elevated utilization.
Tiger nut tuber include 932.8g/Kg dry matter, 245.0g/Kg crude lipid, 256.8g/Kg starch, 14.3g/Kg ash, 5.5g/Kg protein, 89.1g/Kg crude fibre, 17.1g/Kg decreasing sugar,154.3g/Kg ash, 5.5/Kg protein, 89.1g/Kg crude fibre, 17.1g/Kg decreasing sugar, 154.3g/Kg complete sugar and 130.4g/Kg sucrose. The fatty acid composition, embrace 689.20 – 732.90 oleic acid. 125.5 – 141.2 palmitic acid and 99.6 – 154.6 linoleic acid. Research additionally present it comprises 689.20 – 732.90 oleic acid, 125.5 – 141.2 palmitic acid and 99.6 – 154.6 linoleic acid. Research additionally present it comprises 689.20 – 732.90 oleic acid, 125.5 – 141.2 palmitic acid and 99.6 linoleic acid.
Advantages of tiger nut
Tiger nut tubers include nutritional vitamins and minerals resembling zinc, sodium, potassium, magnesium and minute amount of copper. Some research additionally present that tiger nut tubers include low amount of magnesium, manganese, phasphorus, iron, zinc and copper however have a excessive content material of calcium, sodium and copper. Tiger nut additionally comprises digestive enzymes resembling catalase, lipase and amylase. These enzymes assist to alleviate indigestion, flatulence and diarrhea. The excessive oleic content material of the nut helps to scale back ldl cholesterol stage within the human physique.
It’s mentioned to stop coronary heart assaults and thrombosis. Tiger nut tubers are additionally wealthy in vitamin B1 which helps central nervous system to operate correctly. Common consumption of tiger nut tubers improves women and men fertility because of vitamin E that’s current within the tubers. The vitamin E additionally delay growing old in human cells, result in enchancment within the elasticity of the pores and skin and eliminate wrinkles, zits and undesirable adjustments that will have an effect on the pores and skin.
One of many main hindrances to tiger nut improvement and utilization is that it comprises some amount of anti-nutrients resembling tannins, saponins, phytate, oxalates and cyanogenic glycosides that are current in uncooked tiger nut tubers in appreciable portions. If tiger nut tuber is roasted, the amount of alkaloids, steroids and resins within the tubers change into larger than unroasted tiger nut tubers. This is a sign that processing strategies affect antinutritional content material of the tubers. The presence of antinutritional elements (ANF) in meals substances intervene with digestive processes and stop environment friendly utilization of protein.
Consumption of meals that include excessive amount of antinutrients over an extended interval may very well be dangerous to the physique. The dangerous results embrace toxicity, hyperlipidaemia, extreme weight acquire, Hyperglycemia, carotenemia, constipation, kidney stones, physique odour, unhealthy breath, alergles diarrhoea, frequent urination and zits. Nonetheless, research have proven that the antinutritional elements in tiger nut doesn’t have unfavorable or deleterious results on human beings.
Industrial makes use of
In view of its dietary traits, tiger nut is getting used to provide a variety of merchandise globally. Three predominant merchandise obtained from Cyperus esculentus are tiger nut milk, tiger nut flour and tiger nut oi. Growth of different merchandise includes any of the three predominant merchandise or its mixture. A ready-to-eat cruncny snack known as gurundi is being produced utilizing the flour. A extremely infamous beverage often known as bambaranut-tiger nut-coconut milk has additionally been ready utilizing tiger nut-mik derived from tiger nut tubers. Tiger nut is used to provide kunuaya which is a non alcoholic, low viscous, sweet-sour beverage that has milky and creamy look. Tiger nut milk is a typical drink ready regionally in northern Nigeria. It has additionally gained large recognition in Southern Nigeria in current occasions. Conventionally, kunu is ready utilizing cereals resembling millet and sorghum however as a consequence of its low protein content material, tiger nut milk will be added to fortify it. A mix of tiger nut tubers with a mix of tiger nut tubers with millet or sorghum lead to product that has larger client acceptability than the traditional kunu.
Though, tiger nut is grown in industrial amount in Katsina State and different components of Nigeria and quite a lot of the nuts are consumed in type of snacks and milk eg (kunu aya), there has not been any broad utilization of the nuts in industrial software. Nigeria Is being challenged with importation of meals merchandise together with dairy merchandise resembling milk, vegetable oil, flour in meals, beverage and confectionery industries. These industries relied on imported uncooked supplies, regardless of the ample agricultural sources out there within the nation. These industries had been subjected to fluctuations in overseas change wanted for import in addition to excessive manufacturing price. As a way to tackle these challenges, the Uncooked Supplies Analysis and Growth Council, commissioned R&D to develop different new native processes for harnessing numerous merchandise from the tiger nut. This analysis effort concerned the event of indigenous expertise that are used for the manufacturing of assorted merchandise. These efforts have led to the manufacturing of tiger nut oil, tiger nut starch, tiger nut native pap and fufu’, tiger nut uncooked supplies for animal teed formulation and cleaning soap from tiger nut from native tiger nut varieties.
Tiger nut is alleged to have edible oil which is equally useable within the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries due to its excessive vitamin E content material and it compares nicely with olive oil. It has physiochemical properties that are perfect for cleaning soap, and different associated cosmetics manufacturing. It has additionally been proved to be materials for lubricants and brake fluid formulation. The oil has a excessive Oleic acid and low Polyunsaturated fatty acid. The Council realized the significance of this oil and determined to sponsor a analysis on tips on how to use indigenous expertise to extract the oil. The indigenous expertise developed was used to hold out the extraction and the output was affordable and commendable.
Growth into industrial product
The outcomes obtained in the midst of this indigenous tiger nut oil extraction course of exhibits a lot justification for its software or improvement into industrial merchandise. The steadiness of the tiger nut oil at excessive temperature makes it splendid for numerous industrial functions. The tiger nut oil may be very steady at excessive temperature and doesn’t oxidize simply. These properties have made the Council to determine merchandise which will be suitably produced utilizing the tiger nut oil. Such merchandise embrace the automotive brake fluid.
In brake fluid formulation, the solvents and different components should stand up to excessive temperature, as a way to function optimally in brake programs the place warmth technology is anticipated. The Council is presently learning a proposal from Alex Ekwueme College, Ebonyi State for a collaborative analysis work on improvement of brake fluid utilizing tiger nut oil. In one other improvement, the Council is learning the opportunity of utilizing the oil in alkyd resin manufacturing due to its zero stage oxidation which is suitable in alkyd resin formulation.
Manufacturing of business starch
The analysis efforts have additionally led to the manufacturing of starch. The starch being from edible supply can be utilized in pharmaceutical business for pill manufacturing. The flour is sort of splendid for making desserts, sweet and biscuits. It has been discovered that the tiger nut flour will be blended with different flours to enhance the dietary properties and confectioneries. These efforts need to manufacturing of tiger nut native pap and fufu. This improvement will guarantee elevated meals provide to the Nigerian populace. The meals had been discovered to be tasty and nourishing.