Research reveals that Nigeria nonetheless imports salt regardless of having it produced states. The Uncooked Supplies Analysis and Growth Council (RMRDC) has collaborated with stakeholders to halt importation of salt. BINTA SHAMA experiences.
Analysis by the United Nations COMTRADE database on worldwide commerce, has it that Nigeria imports salt from Brazil value $25.51 million 2021.
The quite a few advantages, sorts & makes use of of salt
Salt is likely one of the commonest mineral assets in Nigeria, Africa, and the world at massive. As it’s seen and used each day largely in cooking and in preservation, and in addition for its well being advantages to people. Salt is of various varieties reminiscent of desk salt, sea salt, Himalayan pink salt, crimson salt, smoked salt, black salt, Persian blue salt, gray salt, and so on, however in Nigeria, the preferred is desk salt and sea salt.
Sodium Chloride (NaCl) which is also referred to as frequent salt is the most important constituent in salt. It has a boiling level of 1,413 °C and melting level of 801 °C. Salt, additionally known as halite is a mineral that happens naturally in a crystalline type, it’s largely current in seawater because the principal mineral constituent and is present in massive portions. The processing of salt is finished within the salt mines and begins both by the evaporation of seawater naturally or by brine.
By pure evaporation of sea water; the water is collected and positioned in shallow ponds within the salt mines the place it’s allowed to evaporate with the help of the solar and the wind throughout which a salt mattress is fashioned on the underside of the pond. And by Brine methodology: an answer of salt in water is subjected to electrolysis to get chlorine fuel on the anode, hydrogen fuel on the cathode and sodium hydroxide left within the answer.
Nigeria is wealthy in pure brines similar to many different African international locations. Salt is alleged to be present in bigger deposits in Ebonyi state whose slogan is “the salt of the nation”, different locations of deposits consists of Abia, Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River, Anambra, Imo, Katsina, and Sokoto state. However it’s saddening to say that of the wealthy salt deposit states in Nigeria, that the nation can not boast of 1 salt processing trade and even spends tens of millions of Nigeria within the importation of salt within the nation.
Well being advantages of salt
Additional examine states that salt has totally different varieties of advantages. As an illustration, It helps to regulate the physique’s fluid stability, it helps in controlling the functioning of the muscle tissues and the nerves, promotes a wholesome weight and quick metabolism when consumed adequately, aids in balancing blood sugar ranges and stabilizes irregular heartbeats.
Be aware that, salt is sweet for the physique and dangerous too whether it is taken in extra as it might trigger water retention, coronary heart illness or failure on account of a rise in blood stress.
Makes use of of salt
Salt, is understood specifically for the usage of cooking and is current in lots of processed meals. Salt water is used for preserving meals and lots of rather more. It’s utilized in family cleansing, and within the manufacturing of bleach, soaps, detergents, and dyes. It may be used additionally as a well being and sweetness product. Salt, can be largely utilized by industrial firms within the manufacturing of plastic, paper, glass, polyester, rubber, and fertilizers.
In line with the Director Common RMRDC Professor Hussain Doko Ibrahim, that salt-bearing sediments are of nice financial significance as it’s the greatest and least expensive supply of salt. “Consequently, stakeholders within the minerals sector have known as for exploitation of giant salt deposits within the nation. The Benue trough is a novel rift function on the Africa continent which occupies an intra continental place and has a thick compressional folded cretaceous supracrustal fill.
“Stakeholders have highlighted the necessity for detailed analysis of brine deposits within the Benue trough because the non availability of technical info on this space had been a significant hindrance to the profitable improvement and business manufacturing of salt in Nigeria. Consequently, the Council commissioned a examine to set off business manufacturing of salt inside the examine space in an effort to increase nationwide provide and thereby scale back the stress on scarce overseas reserves.”
Moreover, drawing info from the synopsis of some RMRDC initiatives (2017-2020) on idea, implementation technique and future outlook. Data gathered, states that the Council sponsored a analysis venture to entry the salt deposits and ensure their places and suitability to be used. Detailed evaluation and analysis of the saline floor waters in elements of the Central Benue Trough, was carried in the course of the examine. The first intention of the examine was to conduct an built-in investigation into the saline floor waters inside elements of the central Benue Trough in an effort to perceive their fundamental hydro geochemical traits and to determine the most important processes controlling their focus and accumulation. Investigations had been carried out by way of the structural interpretation of aeromagnetic knowledge and Landsat imagery to find out the depth to basement, delineate the basement morphology and reduction of the basin. Spectral evaluation was stated to find out the depths to magnetic layers with the log of the radial spectrum of the aeromagnetic discipline towards frequency numbers which yielded outcomes indicating three discernable linear segments giving depths akin to magnetic layers from 1.8, 0.7 and 0.3 km. The basin morphology was interpreted as having parallel units of micro-basins (graben and horst), in settlement with the overall options interpreted by earlier employees. Plots on Piper-trilinear diagram had been used for the classification of the saline groundwaters as Magnesium-bicarbonate, Calcium chloride, Sodium-chloride, Sodium-bicarbonate and combined sorts with Sodium-bicarbonate kind being most prevalent. The excessive focus of Ca2+, Na+, and HCO within the groundwater is because of the dissolution of plagioclase feldspars and ferromagnesian minerals, carbonate weathering and ion alternate reactions inside the sedimentary items.
Noticed traits and geochemical processes prevalent inside the examine space indicated that the origin of the saline floor waters was marine and it was discovered to be associated to the embedded fossil seawater inside the transgressive marine sediments on one hand, and the disseminated/precipitated salts inside the regressive (sandstone/siltstone) interbeds of the Awe Formation, mixed with the dissolution and or leaching of disseminated salts, in addition to the modification and remobilization of the embedded fossil seawater by way of water-rock interplay. The examine recognized excessive brine prospect zones at Agaza, Keana, Awe, Ribi and Akiri brine fields based mostly on the established fracture programs, basin morphology, outcomes of bromide-chloride comparability with seawater evaporation trajectory, noticed traits and geochemical processes and discipline analysis of the brines.
On the premise of this, the Council collaborated with the Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, on the design and fabrication of a skinny layer evaporator and a photo voltaic dryer to improve the indigenous course of utilized by native communities within the space, so as to add worth to uncooked salt and to advertise funding in native salt processing.
The fabrication and test-running of the gear had been accomplished, and a few modifications carried out to rectify the issues recognized in the course of the trial run. A stakeholders’ discussion board and public presentation of the gear was then carried out. The discussion board was adopted by a 3-day coaching programme for ladies from salt producing communities in Ebonyi, Nasarawa and Kebbi States. A workforce of officers from Nationwide Salt Firm of Nigeria (NASCON), a subsidiary of Dangote Plc; Ministries of Science and Expertise, Commerce and Business and Data, Nasarawa State in addition to Nasarawa State Funding and Property Growth Firm have undertaken visits to Awe and Keana salt producing communities to evaluate the areas recognized as most commercially viable for salt prospecting on the premise of the examine carried out. Sequel to the examine, plans have reached superior stage for the institution of salt refining vegetation in Keana and Azara in Nasarawa State. The salt refinery would function a standard facility centre to refine the salt produced in numerous communities inside the State. Additionally, the Council is working in the direction of encouraging traders to construct salt refineries within the space to cut back the price of importation of salt into the nation. Thus far two traders have been recognized and the Council is working with them to make sure the venture is actualised.
Primarily based on this initiative, it may be stated that native know-how now exist for the processing of salt in Nigeria. A number of the gear required consists of passive Photo voltaic drier, which is made up of chimney, drying chamber, chamber door and flat plate collector. Others are skinny layer evaporator; comprising of brine feed tanker, a chimney, fireplace field and combustion, fireplace box-door/damper, scorching brine thermometer and chilly brine. That is being promoted in an effort to guarantee proliferation of salt processing services in Nigeria.