September 29, 2022

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How collapsed Almajiri system turned college students to bandits, Boko Haram members – Alfacare


Almajiri system of conventional Qur’anic schooling, which geared toward spreading the examine of Islam in Northern Nigeria, collapsed throughout colonial rule resulting in a few of the college students turning into instruments for bandits and insurgents in recent times. 

In accordance with Alfacare Assist and Care Organisation, a agency that seeks and works for peace in Northern Nigeria, the Almajiri conventional Qur’anic system established within the fifteenth century is made up of kids of major faculty age who transfer round with their lecturers to totally different areas, typically far-off from their settlements, to be taught the Qur’an and different books of Islam. 

However following its collapse through the introduction of colonial period, attributable to varied components together with; imposition of colonial rule which doesn’t help acquisition of Qur’anic information, demise of many students within the battle towards colonialism, stoppage of funds for Almajiri amongst others, the system turned disorganised and the scholars turned keen instruments for insurgency and banditry.  

Nationwide Coordinator of Alfacare, Malam Hassan Abubakar, who at a someday workshop on Sharing of Findings/ Strategies on Almajiri System of Training as a Foundation of Legislative Engagement supported by MacArthur Basis in Kaduna, mentioned  tha the almajiri system of schooling has develop into a major problem that must be resolved to allow it serve it’s features successfully by creating the chance for youngsters to accumulate Qur’anic schooling with out the challenges bedeviling the system. 

He mentioned, “There was shut connection between the neighborhood and almajiri colleges within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The malams have been hosted and fed by the district or village heads earlier than they calm down, the scholars have been fed by members of the neighborhood. The Malam enrols kids from the neighborhood into his faculty. Thus, beneath the Sokoto caliphate, the almajiri colleges have been totally funded from the state treasury. College students have been taught in varied phases; recitation, studying the alphabets, memorisation and superior studying of books on totally different branches of data. 

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“The collapse of the system began with colonial conquest, the imposition of colonial rule and the wars of colonial conquest that led to the demise of many students on the battlefield. The demise diminished the variety of realized individuals and instilled concern within the ones who survived. This led to the lack of lecturers and in addition weakened the morale of the surviving ones, which disrupted conventional Qur’anic schooling in each the caliphate and the Borno Empire. 

“Colonial coverage on schooling dealt one other blow to the system when it withdrew funding by the state. Colonialism undermine Qur’anic schooling via change within the language of directions from native languages, which have been written in Arabic/Ajami script to Romanised Hausa and later English, which was later made the official language.  

“The Qur’anic colleges positioned round non-public homes have gotten irrelevant, the faculties lack bodily infrastructure past a canopied forecourt forcing the scholars to cohabit in any out there area doable and the curriculum is restricted. Different issues are lecturers qualification, lack of a centralized system of management of the faculties by authorities, paucity of assets to run the faculties, neglect, false impression by the elite that see the almajiri as prepared recruit into Islamic radicalism, militancy and the periodic riots in some states within the North.”